Amongst it's famous sons was one Dieterich Buxtehude an early master of the baroque organ. As was traditional, he married his predecessor's eldest daughter before taking up his post as organmaster of the Marienkirche. So famous was this composer, that a young Johannes Sebastian Bach walked 250 miles to visit, stayed 3 months, to hear him play and "to comprehend one thing and another about his art".
But as time passed, so did the glory days. The wrong alliances were chosen, the advent of transatlantic trade weakened the Hanseatic League and Lübeck commenced the long decline to the sleepy backwater it is today.